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Midstream 101: Control rooms

Staff Reports

In another post, we learned that compressors continually pressurize natural gas in the pipelines to keep the gas moving. And while the gas (or oil, NGLs or other products) is on the move, it’s being monitored constantly.

As the product moves through the various facilities and pipelines along its route to our downstream consumers, the volume, temperature and pressure are being monitored and measured. This is key to ensure the safe and efficient operation of a pipeline system.

The Control room (yes, it is an actual room) is the “command and control” of midstream operations. Control rooms are staffed 24 hours a day, seven days a week by highly trained controllers that keep tabs on every leg of pipeline systems, facilities and plants using a system of computer screens, alarms and telecommunications equipment.

Control rooms perform a number of vital functions:

  • Real-time monitoring of product that enters and leaves the pipeline system.
  • Real-time monitoring of operational status, flow rates, pressure and temperature readings. This ensures operational safety and efficient product delivery for customers.
  • Controllers are the first line of defense in locating and responding to abnormalities such as pressure changes or compressor failures and monitor field personnel responding to these conditions.
  • Emergency communications for our employees and emergency response agencies in situations that require it.

Control rooms make sure the right product is in the right place, at the right temperature, at the right pressure, at the right time.


Midstream 101 Series

Learn how things work with Midstream 101. Midstream 101 is an educational look at Williams operations. You’ll learn how gas is gathered, to how it’s processed and compressed, along with how […]

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